PA - Gross Anatomy Exam I - Thorax - Abdomen - Pelvis and Perineum - July 24 2007

pas09,none,named exam

1.  There are ____________ functional (secondary) curves in the spinal (vertebral) column of the newborn.

@4

@3

@2

@0

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2.  The __________ a is the third branch of the arch of the aorta.

@left subclavian

@brachiocephalic

@internal jugular

@coronary

@pericardiacophrenic

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3.  ____________ would NOT be consistent with the "anatomical position".

@Standing erect

@Eyes directed toward the horizon

@Arms by the sides

@Palms pronated

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4.  The  ____________ nerve innervates Trapezius.

@radial

@axillary

@accessory

@long thoracic

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5.  A transverse plane/line that passes through the ____________ establishes the direction (axillary or inguinal) of flow of lymph and venous blood in the skin and superficial fascia of the trunk.

@9th costal cartilages

@umbilicus

@anterior superior iliac spines

@iliac crests

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6.  The ____________ does not contact Rectus abdominis.

@aponeurosis of External oblique

@aponeurosis of Internal oblique

@aponeurosis of Transversus abdominis

@transversalis fascia

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7.  The ____________ is retroperitoneal.

@jejunum

@sigmoid colon

@head of pancreas

@tail of pancreas

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8.  The fold of peritoneum that runs from the posterior abdominal wall to the jejunum is called a/an ___________ .

@mesentery

@ligament

@aponeurosis

@mesotendon

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9.  Portal hypertension is a condition in which the pressure in the hepatic portal system is higher than normal.  This condition typically results from blockage of blood flow through the liver.  The ____________ is most affected by portal hypertension.

@renal vein

@left gastric vein

@inferior vena cava

@azygos vein

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10.  The pancreatic duct and the common bile duct open into the ____________ part of the duodenum.

@first (superior)

@second (descending)

@third (transverse)

@fourth (ascending)

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11.  The ___________ artery supplies structures that were derived from the foregut in the embryo.

@celiac

@superior mesenteric

@inferior mesenteric

@renal

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12.  The ___________ does not travel in the hepatoduodenal ligament (lesser omentum).

@portal vein

@inferior vena cava

@common bile duct

@proper hepatic artery

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13.  There are __________ pairs of vertebral ribs.

@1

@2

@3

@7

@12

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14.  The __________ forms a portion of the border of the superior thoracic aperture.

@sternal angle of Louis

@xiphoid process

@1st intercostal space

@hyoid bone

@manubrium

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15.  The bulb of the penis attaches to the__________.

@ischiopubic ramus

@pubic symphysis

@perineal membrane

@corona of the glans

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16.  The cephalic vein flows directly into the __________ vein.

@brachial

@subclavian

@axillary

@brachiocephalic

@jugular

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17.  The __________ attaches to the first rib.

@Subclavius

@Pectoralis minor

@Deltoid

@Latissimus dorsi

@Teres major

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18.  As a needle passes through the thoracic wall towards the pleural cavity, it will pass through the __________ immediately after it pierces the Innermost intercostal muscle.

@Serratus anterior

@parietal pleural

@intercostal vessel (artery or vein)

@endothoracic fascia

@pleural cavity

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19.  Mitral (left atrioventricular) valve sounds are best heard at the __________.

@left sternal border of the second intercostal space

@right sternal border of the fifth intercostal space

@left third intercostal space

@right fourth intercostal space

@point of maximal impulse (PMI) along the midclavicular line

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20.  The transversalis fascia gives rise to the __________.

@Colles' fascia

@dartos tunic

@tunica vaginalis

@subserous fat

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@internal spermatic fascia

21.  The lateral umbilical fold is formed by the __________.

@urachus

@inferior epigastric artery

@obliterated ductus venosus

@umbilical artery

@musculophrenic artery

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22.  The aorta passes through the diaphragm at the __________ spinal level.

@T6

@T8

@T10

@T12

@T4

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23.  The Quadratus lumborum leaves the abdominal cavity by travelling under/through the __________.

@medial arcuate ligament

@caval hiatus

@arcuate line

@medial umbilical fold

@lateral arcuate ligament

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24.  A kidney stone is typically retained __________.

@in the minor calyx

@at the major calyx

@in the renal vein

@at the wall of the bladder

@in the urethra

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25.  The left renal vein frequently receives blood from the __________.

@left gonadal

@bladder

@left colic flexure

@posterior intercostal veins

@superior epigastric veins

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26.  The left recurrent laryngeal nerve ___________.

@passes anterior to the root of the left lung

@passes posterior to the root of the left lung

@loops under the left subclavian artery

@passes adjacent to the ligamentum arteriosum

@is a branch of the left phrenic nerve

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27.  All the following veins drain into the azygous vein EXCEPT the ____________.

@hemiazygous vein

@accessory hemiazygous vein

@right superior intercostal vein

@right supreme intercostal vein

@right subcostal vein

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28.  The ____________ is not located in the posterior mediastinum.

@hemiazygous vein

@sympathetic trunk

@thymus

@aorta

@vagus nerve

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29.  The only opening in the peritoneal sac of the female is the________.

@ostium of the ureter

@ostium of the uterine tube

@ostium of the urethra

@posterior fornix

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30.  Which of the following properly identifies the layers of the abdominal wall in a superficial to deep sequence?

@Skin, subcutaneous fat, Transversus abdominis, External oblique, Internal oblique, transversalis fascia, peritoneum,

@Skin, subcutaneous fat, External oblique, Internal oblique, Transversus abdominis, transversalis fascia, peritoneum

@Skin, subcutaneous fat, Transversus abdominis, External oblique, Internal oblique, transversalis fascia, peritoneum

@Skin, subcutaneous fat, External oblique, Internal oblique, transversalis fascia, Transversus abdominis, peritoneum

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31.  The mediastinum ____________.

@connects the right and left pulmonary spaces

@connects the right and left pulmonary sacs

@is the space between the pulmonary sacs

@is the same area as outlined by the fibrous and serous parietal pericardium

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32.  The ______________ arteries are NOT branches of the descending thoracic aorta.

@subcostal

@bronchial

@posterior intercostal

@anterior intercostal

@esophageal

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33.  The oblique cardiac sinus is formed by the reflection of the pericardium around the ____________.

@aorta and inferior vena cava

@pulmonary artery and inferior vena cava

@aorta and pulmonary veins

@pulmonary veins and superior vena cava

@aorta and superior vena cava

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34.  All of the following structures passing through superficial inguinal ring EXCEPT the_____________.

@spermatic cord

@round ligament

@inferior epigastric artery

@ilioinguinal nerve

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35.  Sympathetic fibers of the greater splanchnic nerve _______________.

@arise from spinal levels T10-T11

@innervate the parietal pleura

@synapse within the sympathetic trunk

@contribute to the celiac plexus

@pass through the stellate ganglion

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36.  Parasympathetic nerve fibers _______________.

@pass through the sympathetic trunk

@originate in the thoracic region of the spinal cord

@would supply the right foot

@typically synapse close to the structure they innervate

@are found in all cranial nerves

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37.  The semilunar valve is found __________.

@at the beginning of the arch of the aorta

@where the inferior vena cava joins the right atrium

@at the opening of the coronary sinus

@where the atria empty into the ventricles

@at the origin of the pulmonary trunk

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38.  The intervertebral disc is a synovial joint.

@True

@False

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39.  The ductus venosus of the fetus becomes the ligamentum arteriosum of the adult.

@True

@False

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40.  The 70 beats per minute heart rate of the normal beating heart is set by the sinoatrial node.

@True

@False

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41.  The tunica vaginalis arises from the peritoneum.

@True

@False

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42.  Bronchial arteries supply deoxygenated blood to the lungs.

@True

@False

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43.  The renal pelvis drains into the ureter.

@True

@False

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44.  Lymph from the left hand would ultimately drain through the thoracic duct.

@True

@False

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45.  The first rib attaches to the sternum at the level of the sternal angle (of Louis).

@True

@False

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46.  An elderly patient of yours told you that he had recently experienced an inguinal hernia.  You would expect it to be an indirect inguinal hernia.

@True

@False

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47.  The uterine tubes lie in the mesosalpinx formed by the broad ligament.

@True

@False

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48.  The ejaculatory duct opens into prostatic part of the urethra.

@True

@False

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49.  The Internal oblique rotates the sternum to the opposite side.

@true

@false

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50.  Dendrites typically carry impulses away from the cell body of the neuron.

@True

@False

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51.  The typical sensory neuron is a pseudounipolar neuron.

@True

@False

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52.  Match the structure with the artery that would carry blood destined for the Sigmoid colon.

@Celiac (trunk)

@Superior mesenteric

@Inferior mesenteric

@Internal iliac

@No correct answer

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53.  Match the structure with the artery that would carry blood destined for the Jejunum.

@Celiac (trunk)

@Superior mesenteric

@Inferior mesenteric

@Inferior phrenic

@No correct answer

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54.  Match the structure with the artery that would carry blood destined for the Stomach.

@Celiac (trunk)

@Superior mesenteric

@Inferior mesenteric

@Inferior phrenic

@No correct answer

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55.  The following question considers anatomic relations. Pick the single best answer among the listed choices. The phrenic nerve passes __________ to the root of the lung.

@anterior

@posterior

@medial

@lateral

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56.  The following considers anatomic relations. Pick the single best answer among the listed choices  The lateral pectoral nerve passes the __________ border of Pectoralis minor.

@anterior

@posterior

@medial

@lateral

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57.  The ascending colon is supported by a ligament/mesentery.

@true

@false

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58.  The ascending colon receives parasympathetic innervation via the vagus nerves.

@true

@false

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59.  {=PA07_ex1_vertebra.jpg=}This is a diagram showing superior view of vertebra. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled C is _______________.

@spine

@pedicle

@transverse process

@nucleus pulposus

@anulus fibrosus

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60.  {=PA07_ex1_vertebra.jpg=}This is a diagram showing superior view of vertebra. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled B is _______________.

@spine

@nucleus pulposus

@pedicle

@transverse process

@annulus fibrosus

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61.  {=PA07_ex1_Abwall.jpg=}This is a diagram of anterior abdominal wall. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled A is _______________.

@External oblique

@L1 nerve

@superior epigastric artery

@inferior epigastric artery

@Transversus abdominis

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62.  {=PA07_ex1_Abwall.jpg=}This is a diagram of anterior abdominal wall. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled E is _______________.

@External abdominal oblique

@L1 nerve

@superior epigastric artery

@inferior epigastric artery

@Transversus abdominis

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63.  {=PA07_ex1_Fe_Pelvis.jpg=}This is a diagram of sagittal section of female pelvis. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled A is the_______________.

@urinary bladder

@uterus

@ovary

@vagina

@rectum

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64.  {=PA07_ex1_Fe_Pelvis.jpg=}This is a diagram of sagittal section of female pelvis. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled B is the_______________.

@urinary bladder

@uterus

@ovary

@vagina

@rectum

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65.  {=PA07_ex1_Fetal_Cir.jpg=}This is a diagram showing fetal circulation. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled A is the_______________.

@interatrial septum

@ductus venosus

@ductus arteriosus

@foramen ovale

@pulmonary artery

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66.  {=PA07_ex1_Fetal_Cir.jpg=}This is a diagram showing fetal circulation. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled D is the _______________.

@interatrial septum

@ductus venosus

@ductus arteriosus

@foramen ovale

@pulmonary artery

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67.  {=PA07_ex1_Liver.jpg=}This is a diagram showing visceral surface of the liver. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled B is the _______________.

@caudate lobe

@quadrate lobe

@portal vein

@falciform ligament

@inferior vena cava with hepatic vv

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68.  {=PA07_ex1_Liver.jpg=}This is a diagram showing visceral surface of the liver. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled A is the_______________.

@caudate lobe

@quadrate lobe

@portal vein

@falciform ligament

@inferior vena cava with hepatic vv

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69.  {=PA07_ex1_Lung.jpg=}This is a diagram showing anterior view of lungs. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled C is the _______________.

@cardiac notch

@oblique fissure

@horizontal fissure

@lingula

@upper lobe

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70.  {=PA07_ex1_Lung.jpg=}This is a diagram showing anterior view of lungs. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled D is  the_______________.

@cardiac notch

@oblique fissure

@horizontal fissure

@lingula

@upper lobe

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71.  {=PA07_ex1_Stomach.jpg=}This is a diagram showing the celiac artery (trunk) branches. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled A is the _______________.

@left gastric artery

@splenic artery

@left gastroepiploic artery

@right gastroepiploic artery

@proper hepatic artery

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72.  {=PA07_ex1_Stomach.jpg=}This is a diagram showing the celiac artery (trunk) branches. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled E is the _______________.

@left gastric artery

@splenic artery

@left gastroepiploic artery

@right gastroepiploic artery

@proper hepatic artery

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73.  {=PA07_ex1_Stomach.jpg=}This is a diagram showing the celiac artery (trunk) branches. The structure indicated by the arrow labeled C is the_______________.

@left gastric artery

@splenic artery

@right gastroepiploic artery

@left gastroepiploic artery

@proper hepatic artery

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74.  Which of the following occurs during activation of the parasympathetic nervous system.
1. Slowing of the heart rate
2. Increased peristalsis
3.
Salivary gland flow
4. Sweating

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@all are correct

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75.  Acetylcholine (ACh) is the neurotransmitter at ____________.
1. parasympathetic ganglia
2. sympathetic effector organs (smooth m., cardiac m., Glands)
3. skeletal muscle motor end plates
4. all synapses in the autonomic nervous system

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@ 1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@all are correct

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76.  The ____________ is located within the rectus sheath.
1. Pyramidalis
2. superior epigastric artery
3. T10 spinal nerve
4.
ilioinguinal nerve

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@all are correct

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77.  The inguinal ligament is ____________.
1. formed by the inferior border of the internal oblique aponeurosis
2. a point of attachment for fibers of the transversus abdominis muscle
3. attached to the pubic symphysis
4. attached to the anterior superior iliac spine

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@all are correct

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78.  The ____________ artery supplies the greater curvature of the stomach.
1. right gastric
2. left gastroepiploic
3. left gastric
4. right gastroepiploic

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@all are correct

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79.  Lymph from a cyst in the breast could drain into __________ lymph nodes.
1. parasternal
2. central
3. abdominal
4. anterior axillary

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@All are correct

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80.  Chordae tendineae are found in the__________.
1. right atrium
2. right ventricle
3. left atrium
4. left ventricle

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@All are correct

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81.  The __________ vein empties into the coronary sinus
1. middle cardiac
2. anterior cardiac
3. small cardiac
4. venae cordis minimae

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@All are correct

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82.  The gubernaculum forms the __________ in the adult.
1. scrotal ligament
2. falciform ligament
3. round ligament
4. suspensory ligament of the ovary

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@All are correct

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83.  The pericardium___________.
1. is a fibrous sac
2. forms the epicardium
3. encloses the roots of the great vessels
4. lies posterior to the body of the sternum

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@all are correct

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84.  The parts of the male urethra are __________ .
1. prostatic
2. membranous
3. penile (spongy)
4. cavernous

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@all are correct

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85.  The cell bodies of somatic motor neurons are found in the_________.
1. posterior root ganglion
2. paravertebral ganglia
3. central canal of the spinal cord
4. anterior horn

@1, 2 and 3 are correct

@1 and 3 are correct

@2 and 4 are correct

@only 4 is correct

@all are correct

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